Publications

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BOOKS
INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS
BOOK CHAPTERS
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES

BOOKS

2018

Computer Vision for Assistive Healthcare - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128134450

Computer Vision for Assistive Healthcare, 1st Edition
Editors: Leo Marco. Giovanni Maria Farinella
Paperback

ISBN: 9780128134450

Imprint: Academic Press, Published Date: 1st April 2018, Page Count: 385

2017

CatturaNew Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2017: ICIAP International Workshops 

Editors Battiato Sebastiano, Giovanni Maria Farinella, Leo Marco, Giovanni Gallo

ISBN

9783319707426 (online)  – 9783319707419 (print)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS

2019

Leo M, Carcagnì P, Distante C, Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Levante A, Petrocchi S, Lecciso F. Computational Analysis of Deep Visual Data for Quantifying Facial Expression ProductionApplied Sciences, 9, 21, 2019.

Fazio N.L, Leo M, Perrotti M, Lollino P. Analysis of the displacement field of a soft rock sample in UCS test by means of a computer vision technique, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering – Springer DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-019-01791-y Springer Vienna, Print ISSN 0723-2632 Online ISSN1434-453X  (In press)

2018

Leo M, Furnari A, Medioni G G, Trivedi M, Farinella G M. Deep Learning for Assistive Computer VisionProceedings of ECCV2018 Workshops, Volume 11134 of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science series.

Leo M, Carcagnì P, Distante C, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo PL,  Rosato AC, Petrocchi S, Pellegrino C, Levante A, De Lumè F, Lecciso F. Computational Assessment of Facial Expression Production in ASD Children.  MDPI Sensors 201818(11), 3993; doi: 10.3390/s18113993

Memmolo P, Bianco V, Leo M, Montresor S, Distante C, Paturzo M, Picart P, Javidi B, Ferraro P. Strategies for reducing speckle noise in digital holography.  Nature – Light: Science & Applications  7, Article number: 48 (2018) 

Leo M, Del Coco M,  Carcagni P,  Spagnolo P,  Mazzeo P L,  Distante C and Zecca R. Automatic Visual Monitoring of Welding Procedure in Stainless Steel KegsOptics and Lasers in Engineering Volume 104, May 2018, Pages 220-231

Del Coco M, Leo M, Carcagnì P, Famà F, Spadaro L, Ruta L, Pioggia G, Distante C. Study of Mechanisms of Social Interaction Stimulation in Autism Spectrum Disorder by Assisted Humanoid Robot.  IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 993-1004, Dec. 2018. doi: 10.1109/TCDS.2017.2783684

2017

Cazzato D,  Leo M, Distante C, Crifaci G, Bernava G M, Ruta L, Pioggia G, Castro S. An ecological visual exploration tool to support the analysis of visual processing pathways in children with autism spectrum disorders. MDPI  Journal of Imaging 4 (1) (2017): 9.

Leo M, Natale A, Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Distante C.  Robust estimation of Object Dimensions and External Defect Detection with a Low-Cost Sensor. Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation  (2017) 36: 17. doi:10.1007/s10921-017-0395-7

Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Leo M, Carcagnì P, Del Coco M, Distante C.  Dense descriptor for visual tracking and robust update model strategy. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing (2017): 1-11

Leo M, Medioni G, Trivedi M, Kanade T, Farinella G. Computer Vision for Assistive Technologies. Computer Vision and Image Understanding, Volume 154, January 2017, Pages 1–15  DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cviu.2016.09.001 

2016

Farinella G, Kanade T,  Leo M, Medioni G, Trivedi M.  Editorial Special issue on Assistive Computer Vision and Robotics – “Assistive Solutions for Mobility, Communication and HMI, Computer Vision and Image Understanding  Volume 149, July 2016, Pages 1–2

Farinella G, Kanade T,  Leo M, Medioni G, Trivedi M.  Editorial Special issue on Assistive Computer Vision and Robotics – “Smart Environments and Daily Activity Monitoring” , Computer Vision and Image Understanding  Volume 148, August 2016, Pages 1–2

Cazzato D, Evangelista A, Leo M, Carcagnì P,  Distante C. A low-cost and calibration-free gaze estimator for soft biometrics: an explorative study. Pattern Recognition Letters   Volume 82, Part 2, 15 October 2016, Pages 196–206 doi:10.1016/j.patrec.2015.10.015  

2015

Carcagnì P,  Del Coco M, Cazzato D, Leo M, Distante C. A study on different experimental configurations for age, race and gender estimation problems. EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing 2015, 2015:37 doi:10.1186/s13640-015-0089-y

Carcagnì P,  Del Coco M, Leo M, Distante C. Facial Expression Recognition and Histograms of Oriented Gradients: a comprehensive study. SpringerPlus 2015, 4:645  doi:10.1186/s40064-015-1427-3

Memmolo P, Leo M, Distante C, Paturzo M, Ferraro P. Coding color three-dimensional scenes and joining different objects by adaptive transformations in digital holography,  IEEE/OSA Journal of Display Technology  Vol. 11, issue 10, pp. 854-860 ISSN 1551-319X  DOI:  10.1109/JDT.2015.2407615

Carcagnì P, Cazzato D, Del Coco M, Mazzeo P L, Leo M, Distante C. Soft Biometrics for a Socially Assistive Robotic Platform. Paladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics. Volume 6, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) ISSN 2081-4836,DOI: 10.1515/pjbr-2015-0004, March 2015

Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Leo M,  De Marco T, Distante C. Ball detection in soccer images using isophote’s curvature and discriminative features, Pattern Analysis and Applications Print ISSN 1433-7541, Online ISSN 1433-755X,  Publisher Springer London  doi:10.1007/s10044-014-0443-1

De Marco T, Leo M, Cazzato D, Distante C. Randomized circle detection with isophotes curvature analysis. Pattern Recognition, 48(2) February 2015 pp. 411-421 ISSN 0031-3203 DOI:10.1016/j.patcog.2014.08.007

2014

Leo M, Distante C, Bernabei M, Persaud K. An Efficient Approach for preprocessing data from a Large-Scale Chemical Sensor ArraySensors 2014, 14(9), 17786-17806 doi: 10.3390/s140917786

Leo M, De Marco T, Cazzato D, Distante C. Unsupervised Eye Pupil Localization through Differential Geometry and Local Self-Similarity Matching, PLoS ONE 9(8): e102829. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102829

Leo M, Piccolo R, Distante C, Memmolo P, Paturzo M, Ferraro P.  Multilevel Bidimensional Empirical Mode Decomposition: a new speckle reduction method in Digital Holography.  Optical Engineering, special section on Practical Holography: New Procedures, Materials, and Applications, November 2014 issue (Vol. 53, No. 11).  ISSN: 0091-3286 E-ISSN: 1560-303 doi:10.1117/1.OE.53.11.112314

Cazzato D, Leo M, Distante C. An investigation on the feasibility of Uncalibrated and Unconstrained Gaze Tracking for Human Assistive Applications by Using Head Pose Estimation, MDPI Sensors, Special Issue “Ambient Assisted Living (AAL)  Sensors, Architectures and Applications”, Sensors 2014, 14(5), 8363-8379; ISSN 1424-8220 doi:10.3390/s140508363

Cazzato D, Leo M, Distante C. A Statistical Approach to Automatically Detect How Many Persons Appear in a Video. Open Journal of Information Security and Applications, Volume 1, Number 1, pp.11-23, 2014  ISSN(Print): 2374-6262 ISSN(Online): 2374-6289

2013

Leo M, Cazzato D, De Marco T, DistanteAn Unsupervised Approach for the Accurate Localization of the Pupils in Near-Frontal Facial Images.  J. Electron. Imaging. 22 (3),  ISSN: 1017-9909;  DOI:10.1117/1.JEI.22.3.033033

Leo  M, Distante C, Paturzo M, Memmolo P, Locatelli M, Pugliese E, Meucci R, Ferraro P. Automatic Digital Hologram Denoising by Spatiotemporal Analysis of Pixel-wise Statistics,  Journal of Display Technology , vol. 9, n.11, pages 904-909 ISSN 1551-319X DOI: 10.1109/JDT.2013.2268936

Leo M, Spagnolo P , Mazzeo P L, Nitti M. Accurate Ball Detection in Soccer Images using probabilistic Analysis of Salient RegionsMachine Vision and Applications, November 2013, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 1561-1574 ISSN 0932-8092, DOI 10.1007/s00138-013-0518-9  (BibTeX)

2012

Mazzeo P L, Leo M, Spagnolo P, Nitti M. Soccer Ball Detection by Comparing Different Feature Extraction Methodologies, Advances in Artificial Intelligence vol. 2012, Article ID 512159, 12 pages, 2012 ISSN: 1687-7470 (Print) ISSN: 1687-7489 (Online) doi:10.1155/5839 

Leo M, Looney D, Mandic D, D’Orazio T. Identification of Defective Areas in Composite Materials by Bivariate EMD Analysis of Ultrasound, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation & Measurement  vol.61, No. 1 January 2012 pp. 221-232 ISSN: 0018-9456  Digital Object Identifier:10.1109/TIM.2011.2150630

2010

D’Orazio T and Leo M. A Review of Vision based Systems for Soccer Video Analysis, Pattern Recognition  Issue 8, (July 2010) pp. 2911-2926 ISSN 0031-3203 doi:10.1016/j.patcog.2010.03.009

Leo M, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L,D’Orazio T,Distante A. Real Time Smart Surveillance using Motion Analysis, Expert Systems, November 2010, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 314-337 on line ISSN 1468-0394  DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0394.2010.00545.x

Leo M, Mosca N, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L,D’Orazio T,Distante A. A Visual Framework for Interaction Detection in Soccer Matches, International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence (IJPRAI)  vol. 24, issue 4 (2010) pp. 499-530 Print ISSN: 0218-0014  Online ISSN: 1793-6381 (BibTeX)  (Published Version)

2009

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Spagnolo P,Mazzeo P L, Mosca N, Nitti M, Distante A. An Investigation into the Feasibility of Real-time Soccer Offside  Detection from a Multiple Camera System, IEEE Transactions on Circuit and System for Video Technology Vol. 19, n.12, December 2009  ISSN 1051-8215  (BibTeX)  (Published Version)

D’Orazio T, Leo M; Spagnolo P; Nitti M; Mosca N, Distante A. A Visual System for Real Time Detection of Goal Events during Soccer Matches, Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 113 (2009) 622-632 ISSN: 1077-3142  (BibTeX)   (Published Version)

2008

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Distante A, Guaragnella C, Pianese V, Cavaccini G. Automatic Ultrasonic Inspection for Internal Defect Detection in Composite Materials, Independent Non-destructive Testing and Evaluation,  Vol. 41 (issue 2), 2008, pp. 145-154 ISSN: 0963-8695

2007

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Guaragnella C, Distante A. A Visual Approach for Driver Inattention Detection, Pattern Recognition vol.40 – issue 8 (2007) pp.2341-2355 ISSN 0031-3203

2006

Spagnolo P, D’Orazio T, Leo M, Distante A. Moving Object Segmentation by Background Subtraction and Temporal Analysis, Image and Vision Computing 24 (2006) 411-423 ISSN: 0262-8856

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Distante A. Automatic Video Surveillance Using Statistical Analysis of Temporal Posture Sequences, Sensors Review Vol. 26 No. 4, 2006 pp. 301-311 ISSN: 0260-2288
2005

Leo M,  D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P and Distante A. Wavelet and ICA Preprocessing for Ball Recognition in Soccer Images, ICGST International Journal on Graphics, Vision and Image Processing May 2005 , special Issue on Wavelet in Image processing, pp. 55-60  ISSN: 1687-398X

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Distante A. Automatic Monitoring of Archaeological Sites, Pattern Recognition and Image Analys(Advances in Mathematical Theory and Applications), Vol. 15  n.4, pp.1-4, 2005 ISSN: 1054-6618 

D’Orazio T, Guaragnella C, Leo M, Spagnolo P. Defect Detection in Aircraft Composites by Using a Neural Approach in the Analysis of Thermographic Images, Independent Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation, Elsevier Science, Vol. 38/8 pp 665-673, 2005  ISSN: 0963-8695 

2004

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Guaragnella C,  Distante A. A New Algorithm for Ball Recognition using Circle Hough Transform and Neural Classifier, Pattern Recognition – The Journal of the Pattern Recognition Society Volume 37 n. 3, 2004, pp. 393-408 ISSN: 0031-3203

2002

Distante, Siciliano P, Leo M, Persaud K C. On the Study of Feature Extraction Methods for an Electronic Nose, Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 87 (2002) pp. 274-288, Chemical Elsevier Science ISSN: 0925-4005

BOOK CHAPTERS

2019

Carcagnì P, Leo M, Cuna A, Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P,  Celeste G,  Distante C. Classification of skin lesions by combining multilevel learnings in a DenseNet architecture. In: Ricci E., Rota Bulò S., Snoek C., Lanz O., Messelodi S., Sebe N. (eds) Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2019. ICIAP 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 11751. Springer, Cham

2018

Leo M, Furnari A, Medioni G G, Trived M, Farinella G M. Deep Learning for Assistive Computer Vision.  Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences – ECCV2018 Workshop Proceedings (In press) 

2017

Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Leo M, Distante C. Multi-branch CNN for multi-scale age estimation, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Volume 10485 LNCS, 2017, Pages 234-244 19th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing, ICIAP 2017; Catania; Italy; 11 September 2017 through 15 September 2017

Sciortino G, Farinella G M, Battiato S, Leo M, Distante C. On the Estimation of Children’s Poses, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) Volume 10485 LNCS, 2017, Pages 410-421, 19-th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing (ICIAP), Catania, September 11-15, 2017

Mazzeo P L, Leo M,  Spagnolo P, Del Coco M,  Carcagnì P, Distante C. Robust Probabilistic Logo Detection in Broadcast Videos for Audience MeasurementLecture Notes in Computer Science  Volume 10165 LNCS, 2017, Pages 36-47 Proceeding of the 3rd Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement, VAAM 2016 and 2nd International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition, FFER 2016; Cancun; Mexico; 4 December 2016

2016

Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Distante C, Leo M. A Technological Framework to Support Standardized Protocols for the Diagnosis and Assessment of ASD. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 9914 LNCS, 2016, Pages 269-284 – 14th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2016; Amsterdam; Netherlands; 8 October 2016 through 16 October 2016

Leo M, Del Coco M, Carcagni P, Mazzeo P L,  Spagnolo P, Distante C. Intelligent Vision System for ASD Diagnosis and Assessment. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 10016 LNCS, 2016, Pages 534-546 – 17th International Conference on Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, ACIVS 2016; Lecce; Italy; 24 October 2016 through 27 October 2016;

2015

Cazzato D, Leo M, Evangelista A,  Distante C. Soft biometrics by modeling temporal series of gaze cues extracted in the wildLecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 9386, 2015, Pages 391-402 – Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems  (ACIVS2015), Oct. 26-29, 2015 Museo Diocesano, Catania, Italy

Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Leo M, Distante C. A Minimax Framework for Gender Classification based on small-sized datasetsLecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 9386, 2015, Pages 415-4274 – Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems  (ACIVS2015), Oct. 26-29, 2015 Museo Diocesano, Catania, Italy

Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Palestra P, Leo M, and Distante C.  Analysis of HOG suitability for Facial Traits description in FER problems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 9280, 2015, Pages 460-471 – 18th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing, ICIAP 2015; Genoa; Italy; 7 September 2015 through 11 September 2015

Palestra P, Pettinicchio A, Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Leo M, Distante C. Improved Performance in Facial Expression Recognition Using 32 Geometric Features. ICIAP 2015 18th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing 7-11 September 2015, Genoa, Italy

Del Coco M, Cazzato D, Carcagnì P, Leo M, Distante C. Visual interaction including biometrics information for a socially assistive robotic platformProceeding of the Second Workshop on Assistive Computer Vision and Robotics (ACVR2014) in conjunction with ECCV2014.  Volume 8927 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2015 pp 391-406, ISSN 0302-9743 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16199-0_28

2014

Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Leo M, Nitti M, Stella E,  Distante A. On-Field Testing and Evaluation of a Goal-Line Technology System.  Computer Vision in Sports Part of the series Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition pp 67-90, Springer International Publishing. ISSN 978-3-319-09395-6 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-09396-3_4 

Carcagnì P, Cazzato D, Del Coco M, Leo M, Pioggia G, Distante C. Real-time gender based behaviour system for human-robot interaction. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8755, 2014, Pages 74-83  – 6th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2014; Sydney; Australia; 27 October 2014 through 29 October 2014 ISSN 0302-9743 DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-11973-1_8

Leo M, Cazzato D, De Marco T, Distante C. Pervasive Retail Strategy using a Low-Cost Free Gaze Estimation System.  Video Analytics for Audience Measurement Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8811, 2014, pp 23-39  ISSN 0302-9743 DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-12811-5_2

2013

Leo M, Cazzato D, De Marco T, Distante C. A Fully Automatic Approach for the Accurate Localization of the Pupils. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8156 LNCS, Issue PART 1, 2013, Pages 503-512 – 17th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing, ICIAP 2013; Naples; Italy; 9 September 2013 through 13 September 2013, ISBN 978-3-642-41180-9

Leo M, Cazzato D, De Marco T, Distante C. Soccer Ball Detection with Isophotes Curvature Analysis. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8156 LNCS, Issue PART 1, 2013, Pages 793-802 – 17th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing, ICIAP 2013; Naples; Italy; 9 September 2013 through 13 September 2013, ISBN 978-3-642-41180-9

Ottonelli S, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L , Leo M. Foreground segmentation by combining color and depth images, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 7887 LNCS, 2013, Pages 699-706 – 6th Iberian Conf. on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, IbPRIA 2013; Funchal, Madeira; Portugal; 5 June 2013 through 7 June 2013, ISBN  978-3-642-38627-5

2012

Leo M, Automatic Inspection of Aircraft Components using thermographic and ultrasonic techniques. Recent Advances in Aircraft Technology, edited by Ramesh K. Agarwal, INTECH February 2012, ISBN 978-953-51-0150-5 DOI: 10.5772/2406  

2011

Distante C, Leo M, Persaud K CWavelet Transform for Electronic Nose Signal Analysis Discrete Wavelet Transform – biomedical Applications, edited by Hannu Olkkonen, INTECH, September 2011, ISBN 978-953-307-654-6

2010

Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Leo M, D’Orazio  T.  A Novel Histogram-based Feature Representation and its Application in Sport Players Classification. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 6455 LNCS, Issue PART 3, 2010, Pages 291-300 – 6th International, Symposium on Visual Computing, ISVC 2010; Las Vegas, NV; United States; 29 November 2010 through 1 December 2010; ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 3642172768;978-364217276-2

Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Leo M,  D’Orazio T. Football Players classification in a Multi-camera environment.  Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 6475 LNCS, Issue PART 2, 2010, Pages 143-154 – 12th International Conference on Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, ACIVS 2010; Sydney, NSW; Australia; 13 December ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 3642176909;978-364217690-6

Leo M,  Looney D,  D’Orazio T, Mandic D. P. Defective Areas identification in Aircraft Components by Bivariate Analysis of Ultrasound Signals,  Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 5998 LNAI, 2010, Pages 219-230 – 4th IAPR TC3 Workshop on Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition, ANNPR 2010; Cairo; Egypt; 11 April 2010 through 13 April 2010, ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN-10 3-642-12158-6  ISBN-13 978-3-642-12158-6

2009

Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Leo M, D’Orazio T. Shadows Removal by Edge Matching, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 5876 LNCS, Issue PART 2, 2009, Pages 440-449 – 5th International Symposium on Advances in Visual Computing, ISVC 2009; Las Vegas, NV; United States; 30 November 2009 through 2 December 2009, ISSN 0302-9743 (Print) 1611-3349 (Online)

D’Orazio T, Leo M, C. Guaragnella. Neural Network Approaches for Defect Detection in Composite Materials, Composite Materials Technology: Neural Netwotk Applications, CRC Press, 2009, ISBN: 978-1-4200-9332-2

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Distante A. Multi-view Player Action Recognition in Soccer Games, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume 5496 LNCS, 2009, Pages 46-57 – 4th International Conference on Computer Vision/Computer Graphics Collaboration Techniques, MIRAGE 2009; Rocquencourt; France; 4 May 2009 through 6 May 2009, ISBN 978-3-642-01810-7  ISSN
0302-9743 (Print) 1611-3349 (Online)

2008

Leo M,D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Distante A. SIFT based Ball Recognition in Soccer Images, Image and Signal Processing – Lecture Notes in Computer Science  vol. 5099, pp. 263-272, 2008.  ISSN 0302-9743 (print) 1611-3349 (online) ISBN 978-3-540-69904-0

2007

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Guaragnella C, Distante A. Analysis of image sequences for defect detection in composite materials, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 4678 LNCS, 2007, Pages 855-864 – 9th International Conference on Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, ACIVS 2007; Delft; Netherlands; 28 August 2007 through 31, ISSN 0302-9743 , ISBN 978-3-540-74606-5

2005

Martiriggiano T, Leo M,  D’Orazio T, Distante A. Face Recognition by Kernel Independent Component Analysis, Innovations in Applied Artificial Intelligence – Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 3533, June 2005 pag. 55-58  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN-10 3-540-26551-1  ISBN-13 978-3-540 26551-1  ISSN 0302-9743 (Print) 1611-3349 (Online)

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Caroppo A, Martiriggiano T, Spagnolo P. Automatic Monitoring of Forbidden Areas to Prevent Illegal Accesses, Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis – Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 3687, pp. 635-643, 2005 ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN -10 3-540-28833-3   ISBN  978-3-540-28833-6

Spagnolo P, D’Orazio T, Leo M, Distante A. Advances in Background Updating and Shadow Removing for Motion Detection Algorithms, Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns – Lectures Notes in Computer Science vol. 3691, pp. 398-406, 2005 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print) 1611-3349 (Online)  ISBN 978-3-540-28969-2

Leo M, Spagnolo P, D’Orazio T, Distante A. Human Activity Recognition in Archaeological Sites by Hidden Markov Models, Advances in Multimedia Information Processing PCM2004- Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 3332 / 2005 pp. 1019-1026 ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 3-540-23977-4

2003

Leo M, Spagnolo P, Attolico G, Distante A. Shape Based People Detection for Visual Surveillance Systems, Audio and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication – Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 2688, 2003, pp. 285-293 ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN-10: 3-540-40302-7 ISBN-13: 978-3-540-40302-9

Leo M, Spagnolo P, Attolico G, Distante A. A Supervised Approach in Background Modelling for Visual Surveillance, Audio and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication – Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 2688, 2003, pp. 592-599  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN-10: 3-540-40302-7 ISBN-13: 978-3-540-40302-9

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES

2019
Mazzeo P L, Argentieri A, De Luca F, Spagnolo P, Distante C, Leo M; Carcagnì P. Convolutional neural networks for recognition and segmentation of aluminum profiles, Proceedings Volume 11059, Multimodal Sensing: Technologies and Applications; 110590S (2019) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2525687  Event: SPIE Optical Metrology, 2019, Munich, Germany

2018

Leo M, Carcagnì G, Del Coco M, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Celeste G, Distante C, Lecciso F, Levante A, Rosato A C,  Petrocchi S, Pellegrino C. Towards the Automatic Assessment of Abilities to produce Facial Expressions: the case study of children with ASD.  20th Italian National Conference on Photonic Technologies (Fotonica 2018), Lecce, 23-25 maggio 2018, DOI: 10.1049/cp.2018.1675 ISBN: 978-1-78561-991-5

Carcagnì P, Del Coco M, Leo M, Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Celeste G, Distante C. A Low Footprint And High Discriminative CNN For Face Recognition. Fotonica 2018 20th Italian National Conference on Photonic Technologies (Fotonica 2018), Lecce, 23-25 maggio 2018, DOI: 10.1049/cp.2018.1651 ISBN: 978-1-78561-991-5

2017

Del Coco M, Leo M, Carcagnì P, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Bernava M, Marino F, Pioggia G, Distante C.
A Computer Vision based Approach for Understanding Emotional Involvements in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. International Conference on Computer Vision ICCV ,  Venice 22-29 October 2017 

2016

Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Leo M, Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Distante C. Assessment of Deep Learning for Gender Classification on Traditional Datasets, in the proceeding of the 13th International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillance, August 23-26, 2016 in Colorado Springs, Colorado  

Leo M, Del Coco M, Carcagnì P, Distante C. Automatic Emotion Recognition in Robot-Children Interaction for ASD Treatment. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Workshops, ICCVW 2015 ISBN: 978-0-7695-5720-5 pp.145-153

Cazzato D, Adamo F, Palestra G C, Crifaci G, Ruta L, Pioggia G, Pennisi P, Leo M, Distante C.  Non-intrusive and calibration free visual exploration analysis in children with autism spectrum disorderComputational Vision and Medical Image Processing V – Proceedings of 5th Eccomas Thematic Conference on Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing, VipIMAGE 2015 2016, Pages 201-208, ISBN 9781138029262

2015

Memmolo P, Leo M, Distante C, Paturzo M, Ferraro P. Color holograms synthesis framework for three-dimensional scenes reconstruction. Proc. SPIE 9525, Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection IX, 95250L (22 June 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2185017

2014

Leo M, Distante C. Iris Segmentation: a new strategy for real biometric applications. In the proceeding of the 18th European Conference on Mathematics for Industry, pp. 599-602, 9-13 September 2014, Taormina (Italy)

Adamo F, Cazzato D, Distante C, Leo M, Palestra G C, Pioggia G. A Study for Evaluating Visual Exploration in ASD Children. International IEEE/EPSRC Workshop on Autonomous Cognitive Robotics University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK, 27-28 March 2014

Leo M, De Marco T, Distante C. Highly Usable and Accurate Iris Segmentation. In the proceeding of the 22nd international Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR) 24-28 August 2014, Stockholm Sweden

Cazzato D, Leo M, Distante C. A Complete Framework for Fully-Automatic People Indexing in Generic Videos, 9th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications. 2014 Jan 5-8, Lisbon, Portugal ISBN: 978-989-758-003-1

2013

Carcagnì P, Leo M, Distante C, Indiveri G. Object Tracking Framework for UAV-Based Surveillance of Cultural Heritage Sites, proceeding of the 6th International Congress “Science and Technology for the Safeguard of Cultural Heritage in the Mediterranean Basin” Athens, Greece, 22nd-25th October 2013

Leo M, De Marco T, Cazzato D, Distante C. Circularity and Self-Similarity Analysis for the Precise Location of the Pupils, International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillance 2013 Aug 27-30, 2013, Krakow, Poland ISBN: 978-1-4799-0703-8

Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Leo M, Nitti M, Stella E, Distante A. Non-Invasive Soccer Goal Line Technology: A Real Case Study , 1st IEEE International Workshop on Computer Vision in Sports,  in conjunction with CVPR 13, June 28, 2013, Portland, Oregon, USA pp. 1011-1018  ISBN  1-479909947, 9781479909940

Ottonelli S, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L , Leo M. Improved Video Segmentation with Color and Depth using a Stereo Camera, IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT 2013), Cape Town (South Africa), 25-27 February 2013 ISBN 978-1-4673-4568-2

2012

Leo M, Distante C., Carcagnì P., Indiveri G. Visual Surveillance of Cultural Heritage Sites by means of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)RICH 2012 1st Conference on “Robotics Innovation for Cultural Heritage” Venice, Italy 3 – 4 December 2012

2011

Mazzeo P L, Giove L, Moramarco G M, Spagnolo P, Leo M. HSV and RGB colour histograms comparing for objects tracking among non-overlapping FOVs, using CBTFIn the proceeding of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillancei (AVSS), Klagenfurt University,August 30 – September 2, 2011. pp. 498-503 E-ISBN 978-1-4577-0843-5 Print ISBN 978-1-4577-0844-2

2010

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P. Soccer Player Activity Recognition by a multivariate features integration, in the proceeding of the  IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillance (AVSS), 29 August – 1 September, 2010  Boston (USA) ISBN: 978-1-4244-8310-5

Milella A,  Di Paola D,Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Leo M, Cicirelli G, D’Orazio T.  Active Surveillance of Dynamic Environments using a Multi-Agent System In the proceeding of the 7th IFAC Symposium on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles, September 6-8, 2010, Lecce (Italy)  ISBN  978-3-902661-87-6

Leo M,  Looney D, D’Orazio T, Mandic D P.  Bivariate EMD Analysis for Aircraft Component Inspection. In the proceeding of the IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE-2010),  Bari (Italy) July 4-7, 2010, pp.2777-2781, IEEE Catalogue Number: CFP10ISI-CDR ISBN: 978-1-4244-6391-6

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Mosca N. Panoramic Video Generation by Multi View Data Synthesis,  In the proceeding of the 20th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2010),  August 23-26, 2010, Istanbul, Turkey  ISBN  978-1-4244-7542-1

2009

Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Leo M, and D’Orazio T. An Investigation on Automatic Classification of Football Players, In the proceeding of the Workshop on Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence for Human Behaviour Analysis (PRAI*HBA), 12 December 2009 – Reggio Emilia (Italy)  ISBN 978-88-903581-1-1

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Distante A. New Technologies and Methodologies for the Automatic Monitoring of the Cultural Heritage, In the proceeding of  the 4th International Congress “Science and Technology for the Safeguard of Cultural Heritage of the Mediterranean Basin” Cairo, Egypt 2nd – 4th December 2009

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Trivedi M. A Multi Camera System for Soccer Player Performance Evaluation, In the proceeding of  the Third ACM/IEEE International Conference on Distributed Smart Cameras (ICDSC 2009) 30 August – 2 September, 2009, Como(Italy) ISBN: 978-1-4244-4620-9

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Mosca N, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L.  A semi-automatic system for ground truth generation of soccer video sequences, In the proceeding of  the 6th IEEE International Conference On Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance (AVSS09)  September 2-4 2009 Genoa (Italy), ISBN: 978-0-7695-3718-4

Leo M, Spagnolo P,Mazzeo P L, D’Orazio T. Advanced Player Activity Recognition by Integrating Body Posture and  Motion Information, In the proceeding of  the VISIGRAPP – The International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications, 5-8 February 2009, Lisbon  ISBN  978-989-8111-69-2

2008

Leo M, Mosca N, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Distante A. Real-Time Multi-view Event Detection in Soccer Games, In the proceeding of the 1st Workshop on Activity Monitoring by Multi-camera Surveillance Systems (AMMCSS), 2nd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Distributed Smart Cameras (ICDSC-08)   September 7-11, 2008 Stanford University, California, USA.  ISBN 978-1-4244-2664-5 

Mazzeo P L, Spagnolo P, Leo M, D’Orazio T. Visual Players Detection and Tracking in Soccer Matches, In the proceeding of the 5th IEEE International Conference On Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance (AVSS08), Santa Fe, New Mexico, September 1-3, 2008 ISBN: 978-0-7695-3341-4

Leo M, Mosca N, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L,D’Orazio T,Distante A. Real-Time Multiview Analysis of Soccer Matches for Understanding Interactions between Ball and Players, In the proceeding of the ACM International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval July 7-9, 2008,, Niagara Falls, Canada pp. 525-534 ISBN: 978-1-60558-070-8

Leo M, Mosca N, D’Orazio T, Distante A. SIFT Approach for Ball Recognition in Soccer Images, In the proceeding of the 10th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems 12 – 16, June 2008 Barcelona, Spain pp. 207-212  ISBN: 978-989-8111-48-7

2007

Leo M, Spagnolo P,  Mazzeo P L,  D’Orazio T, Mosca N. Real Time Smart Surveillance using Motion Analysis, In the proceeding of the 8th International conference “Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: New Information Technologies” (PRIA-8-2007) Yoshkar-Ola, Russian Federation October, 8-13, 2007 vol. 3 pp. 119-122, ISBN 978-5-8158-0582-8

Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Leo M, D’Orazio T. Unsupervised Algorithms for Segmentation and Clustering Applied to Soccer Players Classification, In the proceeding of the International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications, 28-31, July 2007, Barcellona (Spain), pag 129-134 ISBN: 978-989-8111-13-5

Leo M, Spagnolo P,D’Orazio T, Mazzeo P L, Distante A. Real Time Smart Surveillance Using Motion Analysis,  In the proceeding of the International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications 8-11 March 2007, Barcelona, Spain ISBN 978-972-8865-74-0

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Spagnolo P, Mazzeo P L, Mosca N, M.Nitti. A visual Tracking Algortithm for Real Time People DetectionInternational Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services (WIAMIS), 6-8 June, 2007 Santorini, Greece ISBN  0-7695-2818-X  (BibTeX) (Published Version)

2006

Spagnolo P, A.Caroppo, Leo M, T. Martiriggiano, D’Orazio T, An Abandoned/Removed Objects detection Algorithm and Its Evaluation on PETS Datasets, In the proceeding of the IEEE International Conference on Video and Signal based Surveillance AVSS 2006, November 22-24, 2006 Sydney SNW, Australia ISBN 0-7695-2688-8 

Spagnolo P, Leo M, D’Orazio T, A.Caroppo, T. Martiriggiano. An Energy-Based Background Modelling Algorithm for Motion Detection, In the Proceeding of the 3th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics, ICINCO 2006 August 1-5 Setubal, Portugal  ISBN 972-8865-60-0 ISBN (13 digits): 978-972-8865-60-3

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Distante A, Pianese V, Borzacchiello G, Cavaccini G. A neural approach for thermographic image analysis, In the proceeding of the 8th International Conference on Quantitative InfraRed Thermography – June 28-30, 2006 Padua (Italy)

Spagnolo P, Leo M, D’Orazio T, Mosca N, Nitti M. A Background Modelling Algorithm for Motion Detection, In the proceeding of the Second International Symposium on Communications, Control and Signal Processing, Marrakech, Morocco, 13-15 March 2006 ISBN 2-908849-17-8

Martiriggiano T, Caroppo A, Leo M, Spagnolo P,  D’Orazio T. An Innovative Approach for Abandoned or Removed Objects Detection, Proceeding of the Second International Symposium on Communications, Control and Signal Processing, Marrakech, Morocco, 13-15 March 2006 ISBN 2-908849-17-8

Caroppo A, Martiriggiano T, Leo M, Spagnolo P,  D’Orazio T. Static Foreground Analysis to Detect Abandoned or Removed Objects,  In the proceeding of the International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications, 25 – 28 February, 2006  Setubal, Portugal ISBN  972-8865-40-6

Spagnolo P, D’Orazio T, Leo M, Mosca N, Nitti M. A Background Modelling Algorithm based on Energy Evaluation, In the proceeding of the International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications, 25 – 28 February, 2006  Setubal, Portugal  ISBN  972-8865-40-6

2005

Spagnolo P,  D’Orazio T, Leo M, Distante A. Advances in Shadow Removing for Motion Detection Algorithms, In the Proceeding of the Second International Conference on Vision, Video and Graphics, 7 – 8 July 2005, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, pp. 69-75  ISBN  3905673576

Martiriggiano T, Leo M, Spagnolo P, D’Orazio T. Facial Feature Extraction by Kernel Independent Component Analysis, In the Proceeding of the AVSS 2005, IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillance, pp. 270-275  ISBN 0-7803-9385-6

Leo M, Spagnolo P, Martiriggiano T, Caroppo A, D’Orazio T. A System to Automatically Monitor Forbidden Areas, In the Proceeding of the AVSS 2005, IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillance, pp. 570-575  ISBN 0-7803-9385-6

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Caroppo A, Spagnolo P,Guaragnella C. Unsupervised Skin Colour Modelling for hand Segmentation, In the Proceeding of the fifth IASTED International Conference Visualization,Imaging and Image Processing VIIP 2005, pag.430-435 ISBN  0-88986-528-0
2004

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Distante A. Monitoring Human Behaviors in Archaeological Sites,  In the proceeding of the Eleventh annual IEEE Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice, 30 November  – 2 December  2004, Macau ISBN 962-442-263-X

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Distante A. Automatic Monitoring Of Archaeological Sites, In the proceeding of the 7th International Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, October, 18-23, 2004

Spagnolo P,  Leo M, D’Orazio T. Human Activity Recognition for Automatic Visual Surveillance of Wide Areas, In the proceeding of the ACM 2nd International Workshop on Video Surveillance & Sensor Networks VSSN04 October 15th, 2004  Columbia University,  New York City, New York ISBN:1-58113-934-9

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Spagnolo P, Guaragnella C. A Neural System for Eye Detection in a Driver Vigilance Application, In the proceeding of the IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems , Washington, D.C., October, 3-6 2004  Print ISBN: 0-7803-8500-4

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Gnoni I, Spagnolo P, Distante A. Complex Human Activity Recognition for Monitoring Wide Outdoor Environments, In the Proceeding of 17th Conference of Pattern Recognition, ICPR2004, Cambridge, UK, 23-26 August 2004  ISSN: 1051-4651   Print ISBN: 0-7695-2128-2

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Cicirelli G, Distante A. An Algorithm for real time eye detection in face images, In the Proceeding of the 17th Conference of Pattern Recognition, ICPR2004, Cambridge, UK, 23-26 August 2004 ISSN: 1051-4651 Print ISBN: 0-7695-2128-2

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Distante A. Eye Detection in Face Images for a Driver Vigilance SystemIn the Proceeding of the  IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, IV04,  Parma, Italy, June 14-17, 2004  Print ISBN: 0-7803-8310-9

Spagnolo P, Leo M, D’Orazio T, Distante A. Robust Moving Objects Segmentation by Background Subtraction, In the Proceeding of the 5th International Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services, WIAMIS 2004, April 21-23, 2004, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal, ISBN 972-98115-7-1
2003

Spagnolo P, Leo M, Attolico G, Distante A. Posture Recognition in Visual Surveillance of Archaelogical Sites, in the proceeding of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Las Vegas 27-31 October 2003, Print ISBN: 0-7803-7860-1 (BibTeX) (Publishe Version)

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Distante A. Feature extraction for Automatic Ball Recognition: comparison between Wavelet and ICA preprocessing, in the proceeding  of the 3rd International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis ISPA 2003, September 18-20, 2003, Rome, Italy ISSN: 1330-1012 Print ISBN: 953-184-061-X

Leo M,  Spagnolo P, Attolico G. Shape Based People Detection: a Comparison between Wavelet and Geometrical FeaturesIn the Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on  SIGNAL PROCESSING, PATTERN RECOGNITION, AND APPLICATIONS (SPPRA 2003) June 30 – July 2, 2003 Rhodes, Greece pp. 325-330,  ISSN:1482-7921,  ISBN:0-88986-363-6

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Nitti M, Distante A. Automatic Detection of Goal Event in Real Soccer Image Sequences, In the Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on  SIGNAL PROCESSING, PATTERN RECOGNITION, AND APPLICATIONS (SPPRA 2003) June 30 – July 2, 2003 Rhodes, Greece pp. 331-335,  ISSN:1482-7921,  ISBN:0-88986-363-6

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Distante A. Independent Component Analysis for Ball Recognition in Soccer Images, In the Proceedings of  the IASTED International Conference on Intelligent Systems & Control  (ISC 2003) June 25-27, 2003, Salzburg, Austria, pp. 351-355,  ISSN:1925-1610,  ISBN:0-88986-355-5

Spagnolo P, Leo M, A. Leone, Attolico G, Distante A. Posture Estimation in Visual Surveillance of Archeological Sites, In the proceeding of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance (AVSS 2003),Miami, Florida, July 21-22, 2003 pp.277-283  Print ISBN: 0-7695-1971-7 
2002

Leo M, Attolico G, Branca A, Distante A. Object classification with multiresolution wavelet decomposition, In the proceedings of the SPIE 4738 – International  Conference on Wavelet and Independent Component Analysis Applications IX,  3-5 April 2002, Orlando, Florida, USA, pp.133-139, ISBN-10: 081944488X , ISBN-13: 978-0819444882

Leo M, Attolico G, Branca A, Distante A. People detection in dynamic images, In the proceedings of the  IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence (WCCI 2002), Honolulu, Hawaii, May 12-17, 2002 Print ISBN: 0-7803-7278-6

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Nitti M, Cicirelli G. Ball recognition in real sequences of soccer images with different light conditionsIn the proceedings of the 6th world multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics (SCI 2002), Orlando,Florida, USA, July, 14-18,2002 

Leo M, Attolico G, Branca A, Distante A. Detection of objects carried by peoples, In the proceedings of the IEEE  International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP 2002), Rochester, New York, September 22-25, 2002 ISSN: 1522-4880 , Print ISBN: 0-7803-7622-6

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Nitti M, Cicirelli G. A real time ball recognition system for sequences for soccer images, In the proceedings of the IASTED  International Conference On Signal Processing, Pattern Recognition, and Applications (SPPRA2002) Crete (Greece); 25- 28 June 2002, pp.207-212 , ISBN 0-88986-338-5
2001

Leo M, C. Distante, Siciliano P. Wavelet Analysis for Feature Extraction of Electronic Nose Transient ResponsesECS The ElectroChemical Society 199th Meeting – Washington, DC March 25-30, 2001, The Eighth International Symposium on Olfaction and the Electronic Nose (ISOEN8) Sensor Division, ISBN 10: 1566773210 / ISBN 13: 9781566773218

ITALIAN CONFERENCES

2008

Leo M, Carcagnì P, Distante C. IA per la diagnosi di patologie neurocognitive e della pelle. Primo Convegno Nazionale CINI sull’Intelligenza Artificiale

Distante, Leo M, Leone A, Diraco G, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P. Improved Videosurveillance platforms for critical events recognition, 1st Workshop on VIdeo Surveillance projects in ITaly (VISIT 2008)

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Distante A. A System to automatically monitor archaeological sites and museums, TECHA 2008: Technologies Exploitation for the Cultural Heritage Advancement, Forum Internazionale e Brokerage Event Roma, 10-11 March 2008

SELECTED TECHNICAL REPORTS

Leo M. Independent Component Analysis, n.1/2003 ISSIA-CNR Bari, February 2003

Leo M. From Fourier Transform to Wavelet Transform,  n. 25/2003 ISSIA-CNR Bari, December  2003

Leo M, D’Orazio T, Spagnolo P, Distante A. Unsupervised posture estimation for Visual Surveillance,  2004,  ISSIA-CNR Bari, February 2004

Spagnolo P, Leo M, D’Orazio T, Distante A. Shadow removing for moving object segmentation, n.  10/2004 ISSIA-CNR Bari, March 2004

D’Orazio T, Leo M, Spagnolo P. Navigation System to aid people in the mobility, n. 11/2004 ISSIA-CNR Bari, March 2004

Caroppo, D’Orazio T, Leo M. Gesture Recognition by Detection of the Human Body Component, n. 12/2004 ISSIA-CNR Bari, July 2004

Martiriggiano T, Leo M, D’Orazio T. Face Recognition using linear and non linear Independent Component Analyis, n. 12/2004 ISSIA-CNR Bari, July 2004

Pentland A, Curhan J, Eagle N, Martin MC, Leo M. Money and Influence, n. 14/2004 ISSIA-CNR Bari, December 2004